The teacher becomes the leader!

I am embarking on a new subject where I will learn how the Teacher Librarian is a leader within the school setting.

Mark Ray a teacher librarian and now a school  inspector  states that “by virtue of their training, relationships, systems knowledge, and instructional roles … teacher librarians are ideally suited to lead, teach, and support students and teachers in 21st century schools.” (“The new librarian: leaders in the digital age – SCIS”, 2019)

This is my personal goal to become such a Teacher Librarian.

Part B – A Reflection for ETL503

The “Resourcing the Curriculum” subject has been a steep learning curve but is one that has improved my knowledge about the collection management process within the library (Travers, Morisano and Locke, 2015). In the activities within this subject, I was required to study subject as well as effectively evaluate the Collection Development Policy. Furthermore, I was also required to critically analyze and annotate an existing policy used by a school. While working on this subject, I realized that the school library collection holds an important space within the curriculum of a school. This is because it effectively enhances the education system and ensures benefits to each user of the library. Moreover, the library collection allows a smooth, consistent and systematic flow of information where each user could enhance their knowledge with an updated and relevant collection.


At the start of this subject I was quite nervous as I always had this question about how such a vast system is managed within a school without any flaws. Furthermore, I thought of it as a very complex task for a single individual. However, as I progressed through this subject, I felt quite curious about the library collection procedures, Collection Development Policy, as well as several constrains that govern the overall process of a library. Moreover, I started to feel quite confident as I learned about policy which underpins the overall development of a library collection.


However, there are certain things which went in my favor as well as there were some which didn’t (Delaney and Bates, 2015). While learning about the “Resourcing the Curriculum” I understood that the Development Policy of any organisation is very important as a strategic document. The reasons for this are stated in my previous blog dated 27th May.  I did not realise that schools had to have a Collection Development Policy and I found it very difficult to improve and critically evaluate each section of the policy.


I have now realised that enhancing my knowledge about “Resourcing the Curriculum” is very crucial in relation to adequately managing the information resources available with the school and to ensure appropriate additions and modifications in the current curriculum to enhance the learning experiences of students. (Blog Post 27th May)  Establishing and maintain a library allow users to read and learn elements which are relevant to appropriately assist them in developing healthier reading and learning habits, to apply their knowledge as per the current scenario of education as well as outside the world (Gristy, 2015).


This subject has enhanced my knowledge in relation to role and nature of the school librarian and the processes he/she must adhere to so that the school has a fully functioning library which is utlised by both student and teachers. I am now aware that there are several elements in the collection, development and evaluation of resources which are very necessary for the benefits of the school. For example, I am now aware how stocktaking is a crucial procedure for collection management to ensure that only relevant sources are included within the collection. Furthermore, it is very important for the library to ensure a proper channel of suppliers to acquire authenticate sources for their users (Cottrell, 2017). Such knowledge is quite useful for me to understand the whole process in a better manner.


I am quite excited to continue this journey as I am now aware of the impact which this knowledge would have on my future. Resourcing the library would help me in segregating each section in a way which ensures maximum benefit for proofing the collection. Moreover, this would also allow me to further determine several loopholes which might cause hindrances in the long-term implementation of the resources. In addition to this, suggesting and improvising an existing policy has made me realize how important this factor is for collection management as well as for the recreational and educational needs of its users. I am now better equipped to understand the application and implementation of a Collection Development Policy and how to utilise it for a better, consistent and authentic library collection (Prokhorov and Chernov, 2015).





Cottrell, S. (2017). Critical thinking skills: Effective analysis, argument and reflection. Macmillan International Higher Education.

Delaney, G., & Bates, J. (2015). Envisioning the academic library: a reflection on roles, relevancy and relationships. New review of academic librarianship. 21(1). 30-51.

Gristy, C. (2015). Engaging with and moving on from participatory research: A personal reflection. International Journal of Research & Method in Education. 38(4). 371-387.

Hughes-Hassell, S. & Mancall, J. (2005). Collection management for youth: responding to the needs of learners [ALA Editions version]. Retrieved from

Johnson, P. (2014). Fundamentals of collection development and management [American Library Association version]. Retrieved from

Prokhorov, A. O., & Chernov, A. V. (2015). Self-reflection control of mental states during academic activity. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 6(3 S2). 277.

Travers, C. J., Morisano, D., & Locke, E. A. (2015). Self‐reflection, growth goals, and academic outcomes: A qualitative study. British Journal of Educational Psychology. 85(2). 224-241.





A Plan for Evaluating my Collection

Peggy Johnson states that “in a collection analysis the library considers its collection’s use and its impact”

“Collective analysis is part of the effective and efficient management of resources”

Mapping, review, assessment and evaluation are vital to any collection process.


To evalaute my own collection I would:

  • Generate quantitative data from Oliver on the resources that have been borrowed (Quantitive)
  • Review and revise the community profile (Qualitative)
  • Survey teaching staff on resources, curriculum areas and units of work (Qualitative)
  • Survey students (focus group)  on current resources (Qualitative)
  • Conduct weeding of certain library sections (Quantitative)

Johnson, P. (2014). Fundamentals of collection development and management [American Library Association version]. Retrieved from

Resources for Learning

In their book “Collection Management for Youth : Responding to the Needs of Learners” Sandra Hughes-Hassell and Jaqueline C. Mancall  they discuss the changing method of education and the shift from traditional to constructivist strategies. They also investigate selecting resources for learning. They investigate the learner,  the teaching learning context, the communities educational philosophy and the curriculum.

“Collaboration is the key concept underlying the development of learner centred collections and collection services”


Hughes-Hassell, S. & Mancall, J. (2005). Collection management for youth: responding to the needs of learners [ALA Editions version]. Retrieved from


Reflection on Shatzkin’s Book “Publishing lives in an environment shaped by larger forces and always has”

I have lived through the changing digital revolution and can appreciate Shatskin’s views on the changing nature of the buyer of books.  Certainly  Amazon, Ingram and Google have a huge impact on both publishers and buyers.  My own children refuse to purchase paper books. preferring online versions or eBooks. This is all about change and adapting to it.

Part C – A Critical Reflection

“There is one role in education that has been forced to keep up with changes brought about by the information age, computers and the changes in society” (Baumbach, 1995, p. 248). That is the role of the Teacher Librarian. This change has been brought about by the introduction of a range of information technologies.  No longer is the library just a place to source and borrow books or seek information from encyclopaedias. It is and should be the educational hub of any school or community, with the Teacher Librarian leading the way.


Technological trends, the internet and the automation of the library have changed the role of the Teacher Librarian dramatically. The role of the Teacher Librarian is multi-faceted and is underpinned by promoting and developing information literacy in students, as they become 21st century learners. “Information literacy is the ability to think critically and make balanced judgements about any information we find and use”


Within the information literacy framework are certain approaches to support students on their literacy information journey. They include the Behaviourist approach, the Sociocultural approach and the Constructivist approach. Skinner and Watson, the two major developers of the behaviourist school of thought, sought to prove that behaviour could be predicted and controlled (Skinner, 1974). They believed that knowledge is transmitted from teacher to student. They believed in clear behavioural objectives being delivered and then using learning activities to reach these objectives.  The social cultural approach, or constructivist theory largely developed by Vygotsky   however, focuses on student centred activities and the collaboration between teacher and student is extremely important. The constructivist view is that the learner is the constructor, socialisation is paramount and learning must be linked to prior knowledge.


There are several information literacy models which the teacher or teacher librarian can access. Karen Bonnano provides a wealth of tools which can be utilised in her webinar at Deborah Nicklin in the subject forum states that “F-10 Inquiry Skills Scope and Sequence by Karen Bonnano and contributions by Lee Fitzgerald is a good guide for teachers to develop a Guided Inquiry unit of work.” I agree with Deborah’s statement having explored both Bonnano and Fitzgerald.


Other information literacy models include Herring’s (2004) PLUS Model, NSW Information Search Process (ISP), Neuman’s (2014) iLEARN Model, and theBig6. All are extremely useful and have a place in the Teacher Librarian repertoire.Inquiry-based learning, the School Librarian and classroom collaborations, and learning commons make an unbeatable triumvirate (Wallace and Husid). There is a place for the Teacher Librarian to be the teacher, the instructor, the collaborator, the inquirer and the mentor.


As per the ASLA “Evidence Guide for Teacher Librarians in the Proficient Stage”, the Teacher Librarian must know students and how they learn, know the content and how to teach it, plan for and implement effective teaching and learning, create and maintain supportive and safe learning environments, assess, provide feedback and report on student learning, engage in professional learning and also engage professionally with colleagues, parents and the community. Whilst it could be said that these standards apply to all teachers it is essential that the Teacher Librarian work towards these standards in collaboration with students and fellow teaching staff to maximise the role of the Teacher Librarian.


According to Bev Scheirer, the Teacher Librarian is the “catalyst for change”. She states that “Today, the teacher-librarian should be teaching information accessing and processing and research skills.” The Teacher Librarian role is one that is not static but rather constantly changing and the Teacher Librarian must move with the times to promote information literacy within the school.


It is reasonable to say my understanding of the role of the Teacher Librarian has changed dramatically with the newfound information I have learnt as part of this course. In my initial blog on 12th March I stated that the Teacher Librarian “assists students in research and also shows them the importance of interacting with the library materials.” I know appreciate that this is a narrow view of the role of the Teacher Librarian and that the role is so much more complex than this initial view.


In “The Chronicle of Higher Education” the article entitled “The four habits of highly effective librarians” states that the four main attributes are openness, responsiveness, collaboration and communication.  I believe I possess these attributes but need to continue to focus on them and refine them as I continue this journey to become a highly accomplished Teacher Librarian.




ASLA: “Evidence Guide for Teacher Librarians.” (2014). [eBook].

Fitzgerald, L. & Garrison, K. (2017“It Trains Your Brain’: Student Reflections on Using the Guided Inquiry Design Process. Synergy.

Kuhlthau, C.C., Maniotes, L., & Caspari, A. (2015) GI: Learning in the 21st Century. 2nd edition, Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited.

Scheirer, B. (2000). The Changing Role of the Teacher Librarian in the 21st Century. Primary Teacher Update.

Wallace, V., & Husid, W. (2011). Collaborating for inquiry-based learning. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Libraries Unlimited.



Discussion Essay

TOPIC: Role of new technologies in expanding and limiting access to information

The Teacher Librarian refers to a person who is responsible for providing and accessing information to different users with the help of books, social and technical sources. A library is a collection of books. The Teacher Librarian plays an important role in providing vast information through different books and explaining them in attractive manner so that students and different users acquire information which will be beneficial for the future. The Teacher Librarian has a role of conducting research for analysing the new trending books and resources with the help of structured discussion for getting reviews from both teachers and students.  It is vital that we discuss trends or issues that are arising in the modern world which impact the role of the Teacher Librarian. A literature review will be framed in which multiple perspectives will be discussed on trends or issues that are influencing the role of the Teacher Librarian.


New technologies in expanding and limiting access to information.

Overview- New technologies like e-books and e- magazines have become the trend and the majority of students are choosing these instead of books. Accessing information on internet has become so much easier for students in schools.

Significance– Time is a very precious thing for every individual. New technologies help students to save time and search for information in seconds. Many students find reading books as time consuming and know there is an easier way to gather information. So, students in schools are preferring e-books and e-magazines on internet rather than borrowing books from the library. This saves both time and money. As being money is also spent on getting books, but e-books are available on the internet at low cost. New technologies help student to get enhanced information and in much less time. E-books, e-magazines, e-newspapers, online access, online video tutorial are grouped under new technologies. Students in the modern world are getting habitual with new technologies which ultimately affects the role of the Teacher Librarian. The Teacher Librarian has a role of supporting teachers and students for obtaining appropriate data for a specific topic. Technology make learning more efficient and meaningful with an added enjoyment process.  Technology put knowledge into the pockets of students so that they can get access to information quickly. It engages students in every manner and make them efficient to learn new things in a broader perspective.

Literature review

According to Lupton (2016), the Teacher Librarian has the responsibility of providing enhanced information from different books that a student wants in schools. Different books, newspapers, magazines, databases, manuscripts in school are handled under the responsibility of the Teacher Librarian. A librarian is always acknowledged by authors and scholars for locating their resources and making individuals aware of their books. By accessing different authors, it sometimes gives the Teacher Librarian an appreciation of books which they are offering. Also, the Teacher Librarian has a role of researching new books and new journals so that library has a current collection of new information. If any student wants to access a book, then the Teacher Librarian can assist them in attaining the book.  The Teacher Librarian should make a study place efficient and effective by having a collection of all subject areas in terms of books and magazines.

On the other hand, Richards (2015) argued by saying that the Teacher Librarian should take time to access information regarding a topic. Because the Teacher Librarian depends on authors, this takes both time and money. In an emergency case where student want instant information then, it become impossible for Teacher Librarian to manage information for students. The Teacher Librarian has a limited access of information. For arranging a specific book, it could take several days and there is no surety of getting information for a specific topic. Students need to run from here and there for accessing information and there is only one path left i.e. using new technologies. New technologies help students gain information in less time and also enhances their learning. New technologies are faster and more attractive than books.


As per view of Gross and Witte (2016), e-books and e-magazines help students to receive instant learning. E-books are easier to access and can be purchased or downloaded. Students can start reading immediately and do not require purchasing a book as they are delivered instantly.  The Teacher Librarian can assist in accessing e-books to instant information for students so that they do not delay or face difficulties in accessing information. The E-books and e-magazine system makes it easier for the Teacher Librarian to provide and access information. This has expanded the role of the Teacher Librarian to get information on different subjects in a limited time. This helps students to read e-books anywhere and at any time. There is no limit to carrying e-books as they are stored easily. This makes it so much easier for students to learn anywhere and in efficient manner.

However, Martines (2015) said that e-books decrease the level of learning for students. Accessing information through e-books decreases the research skills of students and makes reading online books habitual. Through e-books, students are affecting their health and their eyes. This results in the loss of creative thinking skills when doing research about a particular topic. E-books make the process easier for students which means they lose the process of researching through book. While researching through books gives enhanced learning not about the particular topic but also about other topics because research is needed to find books and to locate a specific book. It is therefore necessary for the Teacher Librarian to devise strategies to encourage students to research.


According to Lang (2016) video tutorials are also influencing the role of the Teacher Librarian. Students in school are accessing video tutorials instead of reading books. This is not a bad strategy but should not be used in isolation. This could result in students not accessing the Teacher Librarian for information. The Teacher Librarian arranges books for students to have enhanced learning but if students refer to video tutorials, then the hard work of the Teacher Librarian will go in vain. Students will not get the knowledge of current trends that been going on in the world. They will search specific topics and learn through video tutorial. This reduces the skill of reading. This may make students lazier and decreases their creative thinking skills. So, it is necessary for students to access other types of information, so they do not decrease their thinking power.


McGrath (2015). argued by saying that the video tutorials are the best access for students to have enhanced learning. The Teacher Librarian should use this technology to assist them in their understanding of specific topics. This give students an interesting view to learn a topic. By this video tutorial approach, students do not feel bored whilst learning. The video tutorial explains the topic very clearly by showing pictures about the topic. For example, if the Teacher Librarian teaches an evaporation topic to Yeaer 7 students then students will get to know about this but perhaps not very clearly. If the same concept is explained by the Teacher Librarian through video tutorial, then students may understand the evaporation process more clearly. Most students will take more interest in a video tutorial than referring to a book.

As per the view of Parrott and Keith (2015) new technologies are enhancing the learning network but at same time, it is affecting the role of the Teacher Librarian.  The Teacher Librarian is dependent on students. If students do not seek information from the Teacher Librarian to learn and understand a topic then the role of the Teacher Librarian is lessened. Students prefer e-books and e-magazines or even video tutorials to take online sessions.  This also lessens the role of the Teacher Librarian. Without students, a library has no meaning. The Teacher Librarian arranges books on the interest of students and contacts different book distributors for accessing books. For example, if a student asks for a novel in the library but that book is not available there, then Teacher Librarian will arrange to access the book. Many students, however, do not have the potential of wait. Student will then refer to an e-book instead. Then on next day, if the Teacher Librarian get to know about the use of e-book then the work of the Teacher Librarian has been in vain. If this process occurs frequently then the Teacher Librarians role will be affected adversely.


According to Todd and Kuhlthau (2016) Alexandria is the best software for librarians to use. Alexandria is an online platform which has access to all new technologies like e-books and search optimisation. Students who want to get books can access the library. But those students who cannot come to the library but want to access e-books, can refer to Alexandria software where all e-books of all subjects are presented.  Students who want to access the information online can also use Alexandria software because it has search engine tools where all data bases are stored by the Teacher Librarian. This enhances the role of the Teacher Librarian to a vast area of information and it can be accessed from anywhere. All students will not have to face problems in getting material for learning. Alexandria provides a good access for information to assist in learning. The Teacher Librarian role is not limited to access for students. If student do not come to the library then the Teacher Librarian can go to the students to encourage them to come to the library ot access information.






A Teacher Librarian see all phases of technologies in schools. Before the implementation of technology books were provided books to students Most students took an interest in books and frequently consulted the Teacher Librarian. Students availed books in emergency cases and in less time. The Teacher Librarian contacted many authors and scholars for getting access to books so that the library had collection of all subject areas. students did not face problems in accessing information. Now with the introduction of innovative technology and the internet the number of students borrowing books has decreased dramatically. Students are accessing e-books and other forms of digital information and not accessing book. However, once students are provided with e-books and other technology the number of students accessing the library should increase.  Many new technologies are available on the internet due to which students have changed their habit of reading books and they are referring video tutorials, online accessing, online search engine. Students must understand that this information should not be the only source.  The Teacher Librarian must have constant contact with students. Online software in school on which all types of online access can take place is vital. The software should have all the features of all e-books, e-magazines, e-newspapers, video tutorials, online search inference. This will help to solve student problems.  Motivational and inspirational videos including YouTube may also encourage and motivate students. They also need to increase their thinking skill power so that they are enhanced and widened. But in all these stages, the Teacher Librarian is incomplete without students. These new technologies impact the role of the Teacher Librarian as they adapt to the process and adopt new technologies for getting access of information to students.


It can be concluded from above the information that new technologies are the foundation key of the future, new technologies have both phases; positive and negative. The Teacher Librarian is not limited to providing books to students but rather a librarian should be involved in all stages of the students education to provide enhanced learning about the topics and help them to complete their work, assignments and projects. . By accessing different books in the library.  Students gain knowledge across a range of subject areas. However, with the new technologies involved in the career of the Teacher librarian, it impacts greatly on their role. Due to this, the Teacher Librarian in today’s world must adaprt to new technologies and made an online platform where students can access sites to have e-books, e-magazine, video tutorials and search engines. New technologies help the students to expand their learning in less time. It saves both time and money for students to have appropriate learning in an efficient way. Ultimately it is the role of the Teacher Librarian to work in collaboration with other teachers and students to access printed material and digital material to fully maximise the learning and understanding of all stake holders.



Agosto, D.E. and, 2015. Teens, libraries, and social media: Myths and reality. Public Library Quarterly. 34(4). pp.318-327.

Bakri, A. and Willett, P., 2017. How Students Use E-Books–Reading or Referring?. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science. 13(2). pp.103-116.

Books and Journals

Fourie, I. and Meyer, A., 2016. Role of libraries in developing an informed and educated nation. Library Hi Tech. 34(3). pp.422-432.

Gross, M. and Witte, S., 2016. An exploration of teacher and librarian collaboration in the context of professional preparation. New Review of Children’s Literature and Librarianship. 22(2). pp.159-185.

Hwang, G.J., Lai, C.L. and Wang, S.Y., 2015. Seamless flipped learning: a mobile technology-enhanced flipped classroom with effective learning strategies. Journal of Computers in Education. 2(4). pp.449-473.

Lang, G., 2016. The relative efficacy of video and text tutorials in online computing education. Information Systems Education Journal. 14(5). p.33.

Lin, P.H. and, 2018. Evaluating reading fluency behavior via reading rates of elementary school students reading e-books. Computers in Human Behavior.

Lupton, M., 2016. Adding value: Principals’ perceptions of the role of the teacher-librarian. School Libraries Worldwide. 22(1). pp.49-61.

Martines, F., 2015, April. Things Change, People Change, Libraries Go on: E-books or Not E-books?. In Open Science at the Frontiers of Librarianship (Vol. 492, p. 306).

McGrath, K.G., 2015. School Libraries and Innovation. Knowledge Quest. 43(3). pp.54-61.

Parrott, D.J. and Keith, K.J., 2015. Three heads are better than one: Librarians, reading specialists, and classroom teachers in the learning commons. Teacher Librarian. 42(5). p.12.

Richards, J.C., 2015. The changing face of language learning: Learning beyond the classroom. RELC Journal. 46(1). pp.5-22.

Todd, R.J. and Kuhlthau, C.C., 2016. Student learning through Ohio school libraries, Part 2: Faculty perceptions of effective school libraries. Librarians and Educators Collaborating for Success: The International Perspective. p.46.

Worlitz, J. and, 2016. Video Tutorials: An Appropriate Way of Teaching QM Tools Applied with Software. Quality Innovation Prosperity. 20(2). pp.169-184.



Current technology trends in libraries 2018. [online]. Available through. <>.

Use of new technologies in libraries globally: a study 2017. [online]. Available through. <


Reflecting on your experiences as a teacher before you became interested in working in a school library, write a 500 word piece about your understandings of the role of the TL in schools.

I will give an analysis of some of the experiences associated with teaching and the challenges associated with it. I will also explain why I am chosing to retrain as a teacher librarian.  Consequently, I will show how the information landscape is changing and the impact of this on the teacher librarian.

Nothing makes a teacher proud than seeing their students succeed. The most rewarding thing for a teacher is knowing they have helped students grasp a particular concept. In my experience I have learnt that I have a certain influence when it comes to changing the world and making it a better place.  I also learnt that as a teacher I help my students in developing their self-esteem. This comes a long way in building confidence and making them feel good about themselves. In my experience, every day is different and exciting in its own way. Each day is a golden opportunity to get engaged with young minds and assist them in establishing their lives. Every day is a new day to teach something new. It is a very demanding career (Johnson, 2012).

Sometimes it is difficult to figure out what students want or need. This can be because they are demoralized, or their results aren’t good and some even dropout. I remember I had one student who had behavioral issues which were very difficult to handle. At long last the difficult student eventually learnt to adapt to the school environment, and it turned out well. That one I can term as a success story. Apart from this I came to learn that my students are different when it comes to class work and outdoor activities. This has taught me to take one step at a time to ensure that all of them are getting equal attention from their teachers.

A teacher librarian on the other hand has its own roles and responsibilities. A teacher librarian assists students in research and also shows them the importance of interacting with the library materials and taking care of them. A school librarian is a positive model for students and other teachers since they understand the curriculum of the institution too well. (Marit Aas, 2016). This has helped me a great deal since I have worked in the teaching field and I have learnt many things regarding the school curriculum. I have also had the experience of dealing with students  and forming connections with them. I have made a step further in helping students gain the critical thinking skills which will helped them to be wise and apt to the task. Seeing them stand for themselves is a fulfillment.

I have always been a teacher, and  I am now looking forward to the transition to teacher librarian. Teaching has helped me in many ways that I  am now confident I can adapt to a different environment. I have achieved and gained knowledge as a teacher and now training as a teacher librarian I have a lot of research and study to do.  As they say, experience is the best teacher and I have indeed learnt that.


Johnson, P. A. (2012). School Board Governance: The Times They Are A-Changin. Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership , 83–102.

Marit Aas, C. B. (2016). Revisiting instructional and transformational leadership: The contemporary Norwegian context of school leadership. Journal of Educational Administration , 92-110.



Teacher to Teacher Librarian

Reflecting on your experiences as a teacher before you became interested in working in a school library, write a 500 word piece about your understandings of the role of the TL in schools.

As a teacher one of my many facets was to not only disemminate information but to lead students to those “lightbulb moments”. My role was to guide students ina collaborative process to gain information. The library is an extension of this and as I see it the teacher librarian is the manager of the hub of the school.

Creative Commons

A new term for me….the meta language of the teacher librarian. I now have a clearer understanding of the need for others to not only have access to your work in whatever format that may be but Creative Commons ensures they can use and share it accordingly without any copyright repercussions. Of course, as with any material some stakeholders may have certain conditions attached to their work such as not making any changes and not gaining money from using their work.  This is an excellent resource for not only librarians but all people who are engaging with other creative material.