Bloom, Fink and going SOLO in a BYOD world

Taxonomy of learning in knowledge networks

inmap (1)

A map of my LinkedIn Professional Learning Network

Taxonomies

I am science trained and know that in the study of the sciences, taxonomies are not set in stone. The way we classify organisms  has changed since I was a Biology student. Back then we also had nine planets in our Solar System, whereas now we have eight because the way we categorise planets has changed. These changes are a great lesson in how knowledge changes over time. Our world views change.

I am keeping this in mind as I explore the learning taxonomies that have played a major role in education, including those shown below in Figure 1.

Are these taxonomies relevant in 21st Century classrooms?

What is a learning taxonomy anyway? According to O’Neill (2010): “Learning
 taxonomies
 or
 classifications
 are commonly
 utilised
 as
 a
 way
 of
 describing
 observable
 learning
 behaviours
 and
 activities
 that
 we
 wish
 our
 students
 to
 develop.” The following image (Figure 1) shows some Taxonomies along with their dates of publication.

taxonomy

Figure 1 : Educational Taxonomies : Sourced from O’Neill & Murphy (2010)

These taxonomies have assisted many educators in describing student learning. So whilst engaging with Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy (Anderson 2001) we learn to describe student learning in terms of listing, memorising, reciting, classifying, reading, rewriting, finding…to perhaps show they have stored prescribed knowledge in their heads. For your interest read Biggs and Collis (1982) to help develop an understanding of SOLO.

However, educators such as Steve Wheeler (2012) are now making sense of new world views where knowledge is more widely distributed and sits outside of the learner. As Weinberger (2011) says: “Our skulls and our institutions are simply not big enough to contain knowledge. Knowledge is now a property of the network….”

Should we, in light of the connected world we now live in and the knowledge networks that our students can draw on change the  ways we view and describe student behaviour and learning outcomes.  After all, we are now just a node amongst many. Things have changed. The information ecology that we now exist in has changed.

Just for interest, the social graph at the top of this post illustrates my LinkedIn network. This can be seen as a good example of a knowledge network.

Another observation is that these taxonomies describe the individual and do not reflect a connected digital world where learning is becoming “increasingly a networked phenomenon”. (O’Connell 2014)

Connectivism

Educators are now discussing connectivism (Siemens, 2004) which is proving to be a good lens through which to explore 21st Century Learning. Louise Starkey (2010) does this with clarity.  She argues that 21st century educators will be “limited in their ability to teach the upcoming generation to be active participants in a digitally enhanced society without understanding how to apply theories of learning that are relevant to a digital age into their practice.”

As a simple activity, try Googling “Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy’ using Google images. The colourful search result that appears on my screen suggests that we are struggling to  fit an old tool to a new purpose. Maybe also, we are trying to fit new digital tools into old taxonomies. Steve Wheeler (2012 June 26) talks of “Bloom reheated”. What are your thoughts on this?

As explored by Bawden (2012) “technology does not change the ways of dealing with information” but information ecologies have changed particularly with the advent of social media technologies. In this new information ecology, should we continue to refer to Bloom’s (revised) taxonomy whilst reflecting on lesson plans and pedagogy. Or should we, you perhaps, refer to a new tool through which you would reflect on your teaching?

Computational thinking might provide new guiding language/taxonomies.

Starkey (2011) argues that the connections that a student makes are an  important part of learning in the digital age and “it is through these connections that knowledge is created and critiqued”. This is an extremely important concept that is well worth exploring, particularly if we want to taxonomise such learning while acknowledging collaboration, connections, creation of knowledge and the sharing of this knowledge.

Summary

Alongside a group of CSU students scattered through Australia and overseas, I am currently learning to:

  • think critically
  • learn through connections
  • create and share knowledge

Some of the knowledge we are aggregating, curating, tagging, creating and critiquing is shared knowledge as it is stored in and accessible via our knowledge networks. How would Bloom, Fink and Biggs have structured their learning taxonomies to describe the learning that I am participating in?

References:

Bawden, D. & Robinson, l. (2012). Information behaviour. In Introduction to information science (pp. 187 – 210). London: facet.

Biggs, J. B. and Collis, K. (1982) Evaluating the Quality of Learning: the SOLO taxonomy. New York, Academic Press

O’Neill, G. and Murphy, F. (2010) Guide to Taxonomies of Learning. Retrieved from UCD website http://www.ucd.ie/t4cms/ucdtla0034.pdf

O’Connell, S. (2014) Knowledge Networks – Connected communities, open access, and connected learning [INF530 Module 3]. Retrieved March 29, 2014 from Charles Sturt University website: http://digital.csu.edu.au/inf530/module-3-knowledge-networks-connected-communities-open-access-and-connected-learning/

Weinberger, D. (2011) Too Big To Know. New York. Basic Books

Wheeler, S. (2012 June 26) Bloom reheated. [Web log] Steve Wheeler Blogspot. Retrieved from http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com.au/2012/06/bloom-reheated.html

Wheeler, S. (2012 Oct 26th) Theories for the digital age: Connectivism. [Web log] Steve Wheeler Blogspot. Retrieved from http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com.au/2012/10/theories-for-digital-age-connectivism.html

 

Bookmark and Share
1,765 Comments
  1. Get all the Garmin updates and install the latest charts with updated maps and their required software. Garmin nuvi updates can improve the buggy software.

  2. I have visited your website found a very interesting piece of content that endorses me to keep sharing this post.

  3. If you are among those students who get poor grades or even have a fear of getting low grades/marks in your assignments or homework, you need not worry because you are just a click away from getting in touch with the Best assignment writing service at best assignment experts.

  4. BeatO SMART Glucometer is the best blood sugar testing machine to track blood glucose levels. We offer sugar checking machine with free strips in India at best price.

  5. Victory Liquor & Smoke is located in Jackrabbit Road in the heart of Houston Tx, we have been providing great service to Houston for decades. We best liquor store near me have employed educated beverage professionals with a forte for selecting your perfect bottle..

  6. Thanks for sharing such type of information. i am very glad to read it I appreciate you Keep posting this kind of thing.

  7. hire online professional essay writers from a reputable company like us, be assured of receiving flawless essays. Our writers not only assist you in coming up with most suitable topics, but also draft a compelling introduction, informative body paragraphs, and a strong conclusion to make your papers credible. Subscribe to our services today.

  8. First of all go to the web browser and type in the address bar the IP address and next click Enter. Now, click on DNS under the internet WAN for Belkin setup router. Now you need to uncheck the automatic from ISP and type in OpenDNS address and secondary DNS address. The addresses for OpenDNS are 208.67.222.222 and 208.67.220.220. Finally, click Apply changes.

  9. The academic writing process is the hardest part of paper creating, though composing quality content by oneself in this social bounded life is not achievable. MyAssignmentHelp provide online services for best academic writing, essay and plagiarized free content.

  10. Do you want to scan documents with the Canon device? Good! By downloading Canon IJ Scan Utility, you will find a convenient and easy way to get the job done. Before we proceed, let’s find out what IJ Scan Utility software is and how it works. IJ scanning software is a tool that allows Canon users to scan their documents of any file format to perform scanning functions with ease. The purpose of this software is to help Canon perform the scanning functions with ease.

  11. Cash App Customer Service number: find it quickly:

    How to find the Cash App Customer Service number quickly is an important concern for the cash app users. They are usually not well-acquainted with the methods that may allow them to help out access the executive team. And this is the phone number that refers to the direct communication with the support team anytime in the requirement for technical assistance. They have the ideal techniques to resolve the concerns of customers.
    https://www.cashappcustomersupport.com/

  12. Unable to access cash app and want to get money off cash app without card?

    Cash app is a popular digital payment application and more than 7 million users are using this application. If you remember your last email address and phone number of the cash app then you can How to get money off cash app without card. It is one of the best methods which helps to recover the cash app account.

  13. Ramadan 2021 is coming in the month of April. Shop with Ramadan Promo Codes from websites & stores such as Souq, Amazon UAE, Noon, Centrepoint, Carrefour Ramadan Offers and More
    which are the best online stores and best latest Ramadan coupons 2021 from Barakatalan on Fashion, Electronics, Home Decor, Baby Fashion, Groceries & More

  14. Want to fix issues contact Cash App Customer Service Number.
    Any time if you are facing issues with your cash app account then you can contact cash app customer service number, we are the best customer service provider of cash apps. Just take your phone and dial our customer support number to get in touch with us. We have experienced customer support and offers the instant solution.

  15. What are efficient strategies to receive Cash app Refund?

    The execution of the accurate steps will help cash app users to receive the Cash app Refund immediately in case they go through the pending status of the money transfer procedure. Apart from this, they have another option to talk to the cash app support professionals who are working vigorously to tackle the problems of their cash app count and access it without obstructions.

  16. Paypal is known around the world for its amazing payment gateway services with millions of customers. If you want to know more about it feel free to visit us at Paypal Login.
    Fix AOL mail login issues and learn the correct way to access your account. Try these methods to recover your username and reset your password.

  17. To Know About How To Delete Cash App account from the website
    the platform allows users to manage their accounts in the way they see fit. So, how to delete cash app account? You can uninstall the Cash App via your phone or through the official Cash App website. Although the removal process depends on the method you choose, you will still end up with the final product excluding your Cash App account. You can also visit our website for any help related to the cash app.

    https://www.techjaadu.com/blog/deactivate-cash-app-account/

  18. Resolve all sorts of hassles of Cash app Card with experts
    Want to get some quick technical solutions for activating a Cash app Card? For this, connect the team of cash app customer service that provides the quick technical remedy. Just get in touch with our experts as they can manage all the cash app glitches with ease.

  19. This information is very usefull. Nice Post. Thank you for sharing.

    If you want to move out of RT Nagar, Bangalore, then you should choose some quality Packers and Movers RT Nagar; make sure that you enquire about their services like safe handling of house-hold & commercial goods and timely delivery. Also, it is important that you give them the right location address, so that they don’t charge extra for longer routes, and time. So, be accurate & discuss before hand about charges etc.

  20. They also experience irritating actions amongst themselves. Astrology offers remedies for resolving these unwanted behaviours between couples. Homepage

  21. I really appreciate this wonderful post that you have provided for us. I assure this would be beneficial for most of the people.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *