Bloom, Fink and going SOLO in a BYOD world

Taxonomy of learning in knowledge networks

inmap (1)

A map of my LinkedIn Professional Learning Network

Taxonomies

I am science trained and know that in the study of the sciences, taxonomies are not set in stone. The way we classify organisms  has changed since I was a Biology student. Back then we also had nine planets in our Solar System, whereas now we have eight because the way we categorise planets has changed. These changes are a great lesson in how knowledge changes over time. Our world views change.

I am keeping this in mind as I explore the learning taxonomies that have played a major role in education, including those shown below in Figure 1.

Are these taxonomies relevant in 21st Century classrooms?

What is a learning taxonomy anyway? According to O’Neill (2010): “Learning
 taxonomies
 or
 classifications
 are commonly
 utilised
 as
 a
 way
 of
 describing
 observable
 learning
 behaviours
 and
 activities
 that
 we
 wish
 our
 students
 to
 develop.” The following image (Figure 1) shows some Taxonomies along with their dates of publication.

taxonomy

Figure 1 : Educational Taxonomies : Sourced from O’Neill & Murphy (2010)

These taxonomies have assisted many educators in describing student learning. So whilst engaging with Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy (Anderson 2001) we learn to describe student learning in terms of listing, memorising, reciting, classifying, reading, rewriting, finding…to perhaps show they have stored prescribed knowledge in their heads. For your interest read Biggs and Collis (1982) to help develop an understanding of SOLO.

However, educators such as Steve Wheeler (2012) are now making sense of new world views where knowledge is more widely distributed and sits outside of the learner. As Weinberger (2011) says: “Our skulls and our institutions are simply not big enough to contain knowledge. Knowledge is now a property of the network….”

Should we, in light of the connected world we now live in and the knowledge networks that our students can draw on change the  ways we view and describe student behaviour and learning outcomes.  After all, we are now just a node amongst many. Things have changed. The information ecology that we now exist in has changed.

Just for interest, the social graph at the top of this post illustrates my LinkedIn network. This can be seen as a good example of a knowledge network.

Another observation is that these taxonomies describe the individual and do not reflect a connected digital world where learning is becoming “increasingly a networked phenomenon”. (O’Connell 2014)

Connectivism

Educators are now discussing connectivism (Siemens, 2004) which is proving to be a good lens through which to explore 21st Century Learning. Louise Starkey (2010) does this with clarity.  She argues that 21st century educators will be “limited in their ability to teach the upcoming generation to be active participants in a digitally enhanced society without understanding how to apply theories of learning that are relevant to a digital age into their practice.”

As a simple activity, try Googling “Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy’ using Google images. The colourful search result that appears on my screen suggests that we are struggling to  fit an old tool to a new purpose. Maybe also, we are trying to fit new digital tools into old taxonomies. Steve Wheeler (2012 June 26) talks of “Bloom reheated”. What are your thoughts on this?

As explored by Bawden (2012) “technology does not change the ways of dealing with information” but information ecologies have changed particularly with the advent of social media technologies. In this new information ecology, should we continue to refer to Bloom’s (revised) taxonomy whilst reflecting on lesson plans and pedagogy. Or should we, you perhaps, refer to a new tool through which you would reflect on your teaching?

Computational thinking might provide new guiding language/taxonomies.

Starkey (2011) argues that the connections that a student makes are an  important part of learning in the digital age and “it is through these connections that knowledge is created and critiqued”. This is an extremely important concept that is well worth exploring, particularly if we want to taxonomise such learning while acknowledging collaboration, connections, creation of knowledge and the sharing of this knowledge.

Summary

Alongside a group of CSU students scattered through Australia and overseas, I am currently learning to:

  • think critically
  • learn through connections
  • create and share knowledge

Some of the knowledge we are aggregating, curating, tagging, creating and critiquing is shared knowledge as it is stored in and accessible via our knowledge networks. How would Bloom, Fink and Biggs have structured their learning taxonomies to describe the learning that I am participating in?

References:

Bawden, D. & Robinson, l. (2012). Information behaviour. In Introduction to information science (pp. 187 – 210). London: facet.

Biggs, J. B. and Collis, K. (1982) Evaluating the Quality of Learning: the SOLO taxonomy. New York, Academic Press

O’Neill, G. and Murphy, F. (2010) Guide to Taxonomies of Learning. Retrieved from UCD website http://www.ucd.ie/t4cms/ucdtla0034.pdf

O’Connell, S. (2014) Knowledge Networks – Connected communities, open access, and connected learning [INF530 Module 3]. Retrieved March 29, 2014 from Charles Sturt University website: http://digital.csu.edu.au/inf530/module-3-knowledge-networks-connected-communities-open-access-and-connected-learning/

Weinberger, D. (2011) Too Big To Know. New York. Basic Books

Wheeler, S. (2012 June 26) Bloom reheated. [Web log] Steve Wheeler Blogspot. Retrieved from http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com.au/2012/06/bloom-reheated.html

Wheeler, S. (2012 Oct 26th) Theories for the digital age: Connectivism. [Web log] Steve Wheeler Blogspot. Retrieved from http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com.au/2012/10/theories-for-digital-age-connectivism.html

 

Bookmark and Share
2,134 Comments
  1. Hello greetings of the day, I am Butler Kaci and I am working as a support executive in one of the known companies. I have more than 6 year of experience in Norton antivirus. Most of the not an issue can be resolved by norton.com/setup. If you’re facing search issues then you can connect to me for guidance.

  2. My name is Linnea ! Choose a writing company that meets all of the above criteria when you need assistance with an assignment. With our online assignment helper Australia services, an expert will complete your assignment perfectly. You can also ask the assignment help service any questions you may have.

  3. Hello, gentleman are you looking for authentic Escorts in Udaipur, so you are on accurate place.** Read-Blog **
    This is our Udaipur Escorts Service internet site in this we give info of our all offerings which we offer to our clients. Our Udaipur Call ladies Agency have a totally robust base in Udaipur we make our escorts market very strong we’ve many regular customers who continually come to our company for hiring name girls in Udaipur.

  4. Contactless payments have been on the rise in the past few years, with more and more retailers embracing this technology. Contactless payments are also being accepted for public transit in many countries, on trains and buses. With contactless cards, there is no need to fumble with cash or wait for change from a cashier. You can simply wave your card over a sensor to make an instant purchase under £30.

    https://delhimagazines.com/how-contactless-payments-are-driving-digital-marketing-services-in-times-of-covid-19/

  5. Delhi Magazines introduces a free guest posting program for the people who are interested in publishing their write-ups on our website. We accept content for niches like Business, Technology, and Finance. Delhi Magazines accept both text and video content. When you want to post your write-ups, we encourage you to use compressed visuals like images or videos. You can also interlink your content through interlinking. Externally linked content is also welcomed but only up to a limit. We inform you to share video content with proper compression.

    https://delhimagazines.com/write-for-us/

  6. What can you anticipate from HP Printers Support, according to several users? They deal with printer problems, including troubleshooting and remedies. HP Printers Support to assist you with any printer-related concerns. Simply enter the printer’s model number and OS version and your job will be done.

  7. Writing a great quality assignment is tough if you are not familiar about professional writing. This is the reason why Assignment Help Sydney is a prominent choice of aspirants across the world. We have a team of brilliant writers and professional staffs who can handle all your assignment help related query to make your assignment proficient. Our writers have delivered thousands of assignments to students of colleges and universities. We have covered more than 100 subjects and our certified writers are professional enough to make a great quality assignment. So, if you are in Sydney and looking for the best assignment help Sydney writers, we can give you the best service.

  8. Choose to take Assignment Help Online services when you can’t show your effective writing skills in your papers at any time in the Australia. It is the best way to access experts’ assistance for composing effective and productive assignment without writing a single word.

  9. My name is Linnea ! In case you need assistance with an assignment, choose a writing company that meets all of the above criteria. Your assignment will be perfectly completed by an expert with our online assignment helper Australia services. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.

  10. Acadestudio fuels the business growth in the learning globalization era through voice over translations solutions. Our native voiceover talents deliver multilingual solutions with a customized range of services. We provide the best sound quality for different brands and industries worldwide. We cover a broad spectrum of media content and provide optimal voiceover solutions for commercial uses.

  11. Fetching excellent grades and Time bound deliveries have been the hallmark of Assignment Expert at GreatAssignmentHelper.com. Our experts are also known for prompt support and two-way communication with understudies round the clock. Sign in to our bespoke services at the below link right away.
    Assignment Expert

Leave a Reply to microsoft365.com/setup Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *