If you had asked me ‘what is knowledge?’ a year ago, I would have replied something along the lines of ‘the act of knowing something’, and you may well have pointed out that it’s not a good idea to include the word (etymologically) within your definition Chris! Through my studies, I am developing a deeper understanding of the concept of knowledge, the philosophical origins and the surrounding academic work that unpack this ‘seemingly’ simple term.
Philosophically, knowledge is a justified (evidence backed), true (Rationale truth value) belief (backed by a propositional attitude of truth) (Crash Course, 2016). Think about it – What would your response to the question ‘What is your height?’ be?. Is your response a justified, true belief? – Most likely. But where knowledge takes an interesting turn is when the response to the aforementioned question is stated or interpreted by others.
The nature of Knowledge is both Tacit and Explicit. For example, when we respond to a question (with an answer considered to be a justified, true belief) this is the explicit expression of tacit knowledge by the ‘sender’. From the ‘receiver’ perspective, when they are listening to this explicit expression of a sender’s knowledge, the listener is exposed to information. Sure this can support the construction of knowledge but only after being organized, processed and assimilated with the existing schema can this information be considered knowledge (Hamilton, 2018).
When exploring knowledge construction within a learning theory such as constructivism the social aspect of learning is paramount. It’s not what you know and it’s not who you know. It is what you and who you know, know!
Image Credit: Ansonlobo, Knowledge-sharing, commons.wikimedia.org, CC BY-SA 4.0
Crash Course. (2016, March 21). The Meaning of Knowledge: Crash Course Philosophy #7 (Video File). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kXhJ3hHK9hQ
Hamilton, A. (Occupational Therapy-USC). (2018, April 6). Overview of the IM-KT Framework (Video File). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsJzjeieqf0&feature=youtu.be