Bloom, Fink and going SOLO in a BYOD world

Taxonomy of learning in knowledge networks

inmap (1)

A map of my LinkedIn Professional Learning Network


I am science trained and know that in the study of the sciences, taxonomies are not set in stone. The way we classify organisms  has changed since I was a Biology student. Back then we also had nine planets in our Solar System, whereas now we have eight because the way we categorise planets has changed. These changes are a great lesson in how knowledge changes over time. Our world views change.

I am keeping this in mind as I explore the learning taxonomies that have played a major role in education, including those shown below in Figure 1.

Are these taxonomies relevant in 21st Century classrooms?

What is a learning taxonomy anyway? According to O’Neill (2010): “Learning
 are commonly
 develop.” The following image (Figure 1) shows some Taxonomies along with their dates of publication.


Figure 1 : Educational Taxonomies : Sourced from O’Neill & Murphy (2010)

These taxonomies have assisted many educators in describing student learning. So whilst engaging with Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy (Anderson 2001) we learn to describe student learning in terms of listing, memorising, reciting, classifying, reading, rewriting, finding…to perhaps show they have stored prescribed knowledge in their heads. For your interest read Biggs and Collis (1982) to help develop an understanding of SOLO.

However, educators such as Steve Wheeler (2012) are now making sense of new world views where knowledge is more widely distributed and sits outside of the learner. As Weinberger (2011) says: “Our skulls and our institutions are simply not big enough to contain knowledge. Knowledge is now a property of the network….”

Should we, in light of the connected world we now live in and the knowledge networks that our students can draw on change the  ways we view and describe student behaviour and learning outcomes.  After all, we are now just a node amongst many. Things have changed. The information ecology that we now exist in has changed.

Just for interest, the social graph at the top of this post illustrates my LinkedIn network. This can be seen as a good example of a knowledge network.

Another observation is that these taxonomies describe the individual and do not reflect a connected digital world where learning is becoming “increasingly a networked phenomenon”. (O’Connell 2014)


Educators are now discussing connectivism (Siemens, 2004) which is proving to be a good lens through which to explore 21st Century Learning. Louise Starkey (2010) does this with clarity.  She argues that 21st century educators will be “limited in their ability to teach the upcoming generation to be active participants in a digitally enhanced society without understanding how to apply theories of learning that are relevant to a digital age into their practice.”

As a simple activity, try Googling “Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy’ using Google images. The colourful search result that appears on my screen suggests that we are struggling to  fit an old tool to a new purpose. Maybe also, we are trying to fit new digital tools into old taxonomies. Steve Wheeler (2012 June 26) talks of “Bloom reheated”. What are your thoughts on this?

As explored by Bawden (2012) “technology does not change the ways of dealing with information” but information ecologies have changed particularly with the advent of social media technologies. In this new information ecology, should we continue to refer to Bloom’s (revised) taxonomy whilst reflecting on lesson plans and pedagogy. Or should we, you perhaps, refer to a new tool through which you would reflect on your teaching?

Computational thinking might provide new guiding language/taxonomies.

Starkey (2011) argues that the connections that a student makes are an  important part of learning in the digital age and “it is through these connections that knowledge is created and critiqued”. This is an extremely important concept that is well worth exploring, particularly if we want to taxonomise such learning while acknowledging collaboration, connections, creation of knowledge and the sharing of this knowledge.


Alongside a group of CSU students scattered through Australia and overseas, I am currently learning to:

  • think critically
  • learn through connections
  • create and share knowledge

Some of the knowledge we are aggregating, curating, tagging, creating and critiquing is shared knowledge as it is stored in and accessible via our knowledge networks. How would Bloom, Fink and Biggs have structured their learning taxonomies to describe the learning that I am participating in?


Bawden, D. & Robinson, l. (2012). Information behaviour. In Introduction to information science (pp. 187 – 210). London: facet.

Biggs, J. B. and Collis, K. (1982) Evaluating the Quality of Learning: the SOLO taxonomy. New York, Academic Press

O’Neill, G. and Murphy, F. (2010) Guide to Taxonomies of Learning. Retrieved from UCD website

O’Connell, S. (2014) Knowledge Networks – Connected communities, open access, and connected learning [INF530 Module 3]. Retrieved March 29, 2014 from Charles Sturt University website:

Weinberger, D. (2011) Too Big To Know. New York. Basic Books

Wheeler, S. (2012 June 26) Bloom reheated. [Web log] Steve Wheeler Blogspot. Retrieved from

Wheeler, S. (2012 Oct 26th) Theories for the digital age: Connectivism. [Web log] Steve Wheeler Blogspot. Retrieved from


Bookmark and Share
  1. I want to set up HP printer of my preferred model with the help of I want to use the wireless printer for my printing requirements. So I want to set up HP printer with the help of
    . I have opened this link in the preferred browser and enter the preferred model number of my printing machine. After that, I have clicked on ‘download” option and then, I am facing problems to complete the set up procedure. I don’t have full knowledge to complete the set up process of HP printer using Can anyone guide me to set up HP printer using

  2. Need Do My Homework for Me Cheap Service from a reliable AllAssignmentHelp organization?, We have one of the best Ph.D. professionals experts in the USA. Our expert writers help you with high-quality assignments and also Online Homework Doer service solutions. Get Do my Homework Cheap service with 100% unique solutions at an affordable price.

  3. Thanks for sharing this post, We are the best independent technical support provider, providing online technical support services including live phone and chat support services for Epson printer users. If you are encountering by epson printer not printing error, I and my printer technicians are technically known for resolving this technical glitch efficiently. Our printer techies are very experienced to resolve it instantly.

  4. Thanks for sharing this post, Hi! I am Lisa Price, an experienced technical writer who covers a wide range of Brother Printer related issues. Brother printer in error state is the one common error encountered by mostly users during a print jobs. That’s why; I have written the blog-post to provide fruitful information about the printer in an error state issue.

  5. microsoft office setup is truly outstanding and the greatest of the profitability programming’s accessible in the efficiency programming industry. The product business has grown a ton in the 21st century,official website is here for visiting: we have even observed a lot of programming that are presently incorporated with the product that can really give an extraordinary lift to the product business.

  6. we offer the best SEO Services Agency in Noida and make sure your keyword is used to create the maximum impact and not just for the sake of it. but we will as a provider of professional seo services in noida. Always keep your URLs short and simple and it must have the keyword so that Google knows that it is relevant to the searcher’s query. The content on the page and the URL must have a connection otherwise it won’t rank.

  7. Digital Marketing is a huge umbrella that shelters different components in it. There are a number of options to select from and it is very important to pick the right one according to your business and requirements. Some of the basic elements of digital marketing services near. You will be able to build a fruitful relationship by connecting and engaging with your audience online. You can interact with them on your posts, respond to their questions and comments, and answer their queries directly via messaging features provided by different social media apps.

  8. Descriptive writing is a tremendous manner in case you need to make clear any topic or any subject. It describes everything. quality descriptive writing creates an impact withinside the reader’s thoughts of an event. For students who are making plans to be a novelist or a writer, descriptive writing is gold for them.

  9. Thanks for sharing this great article. Hi, I am John Smith, I am working as a technical manager at the email support. Are you seeking the perfect way for AOL email settings to access your AOL Mail? Well, we are a team of experts and professionals who can help you access your email quickly. But why email settings are required? Whenever your email client, such as AOL, sends an email to the server or receives an email from the email servers, it requires SMTP and IMAP or POP respectively. To proceed with AOL email settings, you will need to fill the SMTP and IMAP/POP3 server address, username, password, SMTP & IMAP port number and SSL or TLS authentication. However, novice users could find these settings a bit difficult for the first time, but anybody can learn it after taking the expert’s help. If you also want to execute the AOL IMAP settings, then you can reach out to us through call or email.

  10. You writers done an extraordinary job by writing this write up. If you guys cannot draft a faultless assignment and seek Cheap Assignment Help service then hire assignment writers.

  11. We, at the Pest Control Buckeye AZ helpdesk, make sure that customer gets the desired pest control services by which they can get the desired solutions. Some of the pest control services for both commercial and residential place with our associated exterminators.

  12. Hallo, teman-teman semua nya kami dari agen indowins ingin menawarkan berbagai jenis permainan dan bonus. whatshapp : +85587536868

  13. If you want to become one of the best social worker in chandigarh then you should go for the top rated social worker in chandigarh – kricpy khera gill. She is the only social worker in chandigarh always ready to help various people of the society whether it is in normal days or in the covid 19 time period. If you want to know more then you should visit the official website of kricpy khera chandigarh.

  14. To protect your house and office, it’s vital to remove pests and make your spaces infectious pathogens free. The safest and quickest way to handle pest situations is to take professional pest control assistance. However, it’s also very crucial to select the best firm for the job to receive the best outcome.‘We can help you to get the best Pest Control Merced CA quickly’

  15. To protect your house and office, it’s vital to remove pests and make your spaces infectious pathogens free. The safest and quickest way to handle pest situations is to take professional pest control assistance. However, it’s also very crucial to select the best firm for the job to receive the best outcome.‘We can help you to get the best Pest Control Merced CA quickly’

  16. Think about the services of academic writing provided by experienced Assignment Helper. They provide worthy assignment writing assistance to all scholars who can’t finish their papers due to any reason. Follow some common steps to avail of the services of academic writers. Make sure you share all requisite information while placing your order so that you will not face in getting your assignment. Under this platform of assignment writing services, there are plenty of options that fulfill all your academic requirements. So, think about it and access the services for your assignments.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *